Physical Warp Drives
Published in Quantum & Classical Gravity
Warp Drives: The Alcubierre warp drive is an exotic solution in general relativity that allows for superluminal travel at the cost of enormous amounts of matter with negative mass density. For this reason, the Alcubierre warp drive has been widely considered unphysical (not possible according to physics). In this study, we have developed a model of a general warp drive spacetime in classical relativity that encompasses all existing warp drive definitions and allows for new metrics without the most serious issues present in the Alcubierre solution. We present the first general model for subluminal positive-energy, spherically symmetric warp drives; offer superluminal warp-drive solutions that satisfy quantum inequalities; provide optimizations for the Alcubierre metric that decrease energy requirements by two orders of magnitude, and introduce a warp drive spacetime in which space capacity and the rate of time can be chosen in a controlled manner. Conceptually, we demonstrate that any warp drive, including the Alcubierre drive, is a shell of regular or exotic material moving inertially with a certain velocity. Therefore, any warp drive requires propulsion. We show that a class of subluminal, spherically symmetric warp drive spacetimes can be constructed based on the physical principles known to humanity today. We outline some next steps and questions in our paper. At least now, we have the foundational math to start, cheers to the Warp Age.